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Messages - Jim Epp

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As far as I am concerned Gary there is a marginal difference in the reflective qualities of both materials. Since that is the case I opt for mono as my terminal tippet material. It has some superior qualities that I find more important than fluorocarbon. Mono is generally more supple, has some stretch, holds knots much better, stronger at the same diameter & much less expensive. There is a lot of hype out there about the "invisibility" of fluoro. Most of it is marketing. If you actually look at the numbers, "refractive index" I think they call it, there is very little difference. I have also done the old eyeball test by putting both materials in a clear glass jar of water & I can't tell the difference & neither is either invisible. The butt section of my tapered leaders are made of fluorocarbon (I like the stiffness) but the middle & terminal tippet are mono. It suits the kind of fishing I like to do but you should make your own choice based on your fishing style.

Stillwater Patterns / Re: UV Dabbler...
« on: March 22, 2013, 10:44:08 PM »
Here is a bit of info for you history nuts. I dug through my library & found my 1974 edition of "Flies of the Northwest", one of my reference books when I first started my addiction. Here is what it says about the Carey Special. I'm quoting directly so you don't get any ideas that I'm trying to misdirect you.
Hook: 12 - 2
Tail: Ground hog hairs
Body: Ground hog hairs
Counter Rib: Black silk
Hackle: 3 brown phase Chinese pheasant rump feathers
Originated by Dr. Lloyd A. Day, Quesnel, BC, & Col. Carey about 1925. Originial name was "Monkey-Faced Louise". Renamed Carey Special & popularized by the late Joe Spurrier, Kelowna sporting goods dealer. Designed to represent Caddis larva rising to hatch. Dr. Day had idea; Carey tied original. Probably the most varied of Northwest originals. Key element of  dressing is superabundance of pheasant rump feathers. Most popular variations have bodies of peacock herl, black, scarlet or green wool or chenille.
I still tie up a batch of these every winter. One of my go to flies. I have dropped the tail years ago & also the original Ground hog hair since I used it up & haven't replaced. My favourite variation is with a peacock herl body & I also don't tie the hackle as thick as the original, one feather is lots. I have tied this fly with every imaginable body colour & material & it still catches fish. I wouldn't dream of being without. The only thing I regret is that they changed the name. "Monkey-Faced Louise" is just so cool.

Since I am now retired it doesn't really make any difference. Some times I don't even know what date it is. But, I will change it just for you Todd.

Fly Fishing Reports, Stories, and Adventures / Re: kakisa river
« on: March 18, 2013, 08:55:25 PM »
Anybody catching 30-40 fish a day & releasing them is statistically killing 2 fish. I believe that is over the limit for that river.

Fly Fishing Reports, Stories, and Adventures / Re: kakisa river
« on: March 18, 2013, 08:18:49 PM »
I'm making plans to be there again this year. Hopefully they will continue the study this year. It was not only fun but has been informative. I would like to make a small correction to your statement. I agree the river is awesome, the fish are very good, about as big & beautiful as any grayling I've run into, many over 40 cm FL. As for the river being "Loaded with them" I got to question that statement. The run has been studied since the early 70's & reading through some of the older studies it appears to me that the quantity of fish is on the decline in recent years. I have found no answers & it does seem to be a bit of a puzzle. In fact angling pressure in the 70s & 80s was much greater than it is today. I have heard stories from friends that lived in Pine Point that the Kakisa was where it was at during the grayling run. Though the gatherings probably involved more Beer than fish. Anyone that managed to make it the the river & catch a grayling promptly invited it back to camp as honoured guest at the BBQ. It was the bad old days. After the closing of the Pine Point mine (3 hrs away) in the late 80s pressure dropped right off. The only notable population near enough to have any impact is from Hay River (1 hr drive). I'm not sure the bridge will have a lot of effect after all it is a 7 hr drive from Yellowknife. There is an initiative to designate this river as catch & release. Grayling should respond very well to C&R & I fully support this initiative. A couple of other changes to the river since the 70s are that the spawning run is a couple of weeks earlier than in past years (climate change?) & there has been an increase of round whitefish following the grayling into the river (egg predation?). Questions that need answers. All of these negative things being said it is still a great fishery. A competent angler should be able to have a great day provided you can figure out the tricks. That's for you to figure out, my lips are sealed. Remember please, respect the fish. As I have said before there is still some mortality in C&R and if you are fishing the river recreationally limit your catch & you will limit your kill.

I certainly don't want you or anyone else to stop fishing. I just want to point out that the gospel of C&R is not the definitive answer to all our prayers. It is only one of many fisheries management tools including; fish hatcheries, predator removal, competitive species elimination, etc. All of them have their limitations as we have found out. It is really only useful in self sustaining fisheries & should be combined with some self restraint as well. I do practice C&R myself, religiously on wild fish. On stocked fisheries I do keep the occasional fish without guilt but release most. I am not fooling myself that I have made any difference but you never know I may just make some kid very happy when he takes home that recycled trout.

Fly Tying General Discussions / Re: BLEACHING TYING MATERIALS
« on: March 17, 2013, 09:21:31 AM »
Good Luck. Do a small test batch first before dumping in the full load.

Fly Tying General Discussions / Re: BLEACHING TYING MATERIALS
« on: March 15, 2013, 06:11:36 PM »
Hydrogen Peroxide, H2O2  is the best bleaching agent for organic materials like hair, fur & feathers. It is readily available most supermarkets, drugstores or boxstores. It is used as a disinfectant (contact lenses) , stain remover (Oxyclean) or for hair bleaching (Clairol). I just picked up a bottle of generic 3% solution (10 Volume) from my local Safeway store & it works rather well. After thoroughly soaking & washing your materials in warm water & detergent to remove any oils, waxes & dirts. Rinse in clear water. Then soak in H2O2 solution until bleached to the right shade. Again rinse well in clear water. Remove excess water & dry. Loose feathers by putting in old pillow case & blowing in warm air with hair dryer. Hair & fur on skins should be dried by compressing in between sheets of blotting paper or old newspapers. H2O2 self neutralizes, breaking down into H20 & O2 fairly quickly especially when exposed to sunlight but it is a chemical that can cause bad things like skin burns. Take suitable precautions such as rubber gloves, safety eyewear, etc. Household baking soda will quickly neutralize any major spills. As I only bleach small amounts of materials for my personal use this quick kitchen method works just fine for me.

I have caught more trout than I can count on the reel-in on the last cast of the day (usually ends up not being the last cast). In my experience fly behavior is usually the most important motivator in persuading fish to bite. Though this is not always the case. Fish take flies that are completely static to flies that are ripping along at mach 2 & anywhere in between. The reasons are far to complex for me to explain in fact quite often I don't have a clue. Most days trout prefer one particular type of retrieve above others but don't be afraid to vary it occasionally. You never know!

Mortality rate on creeled fish is 100%. You don't need science to figure that one out. Any fish that is released alive has some chance of survival even if it may be very slim but studies say there is some mortality despite our best efforts. I guess we will just have to live with that. Too many in our sport count their success in number of fish caught in a day. We should pay some attention to the amount of fish we boat & release as well as the number of fish we invite home for dinner.

Fly Fishing General Discussions / Re: Cut those deep set hooks off
« on: March 14, 2013, 01:18:31 PM »
The science is pretty much in on this one. Digging a hook of a fishes gills, throat or other awkward place significantly increases the chance of mortality. Too many bad things can happen. Better to just to snip off the tippet & know you have done your best.

 Congratulations Todd. I appreciate the amount of effort it is to keep a forum like this alive & well in this environment. Again good work to you and all that are involved.

Entomology and Fish Food Items / Re: Mayflies
« on: February 21, 2013, 09:14:20 AM »
Nice photos guys. In my experience with Western Green Drakes there is quite a variation in colour even on the same stream. Freshly hatched duns on the water are quite a bit lighter in colour than the ones scooped out of the bushes. I believe they darken with time. I don't think the fish care much one way or another. Medium olive body works just fine on the water I fish.

Casual Conversations and Discussions / Re: Profound Fly Fishing Quotes...
« on: February 07, 2013, 10:39:01 AM »
My personal favourite.

Everyone should believe in something; I believe I’ll go fishing.–Henry David Thoreau

Fly Tying General Discussions / Re: Waterwisp Dry Flies
« on: January 12, 2013, 01:52:36 PM »
Micro drag...hmmm OK. I can see the advantage when tying as you grip the hook by the eye in the vise. When we experimented back in the dark ages you still had to grip on the pointy end increasing the frustration level when winding hackle, etc. I guess if we would of had a rotary vise (I'm not sure they were available then, probably where but waaay out of my price range) you could'a gripped by the eye of a standard hook & done it that way.
As well as price another disadvantage is the fact that you will need to stock that many more hooks at your desk or in you kit. I don't know about you I have far too many already (at last count I always have 50 kinds as well as another 10-20 others that I've tried & won't likely buy again). 

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